ABC’s of Crime and Criminal Law

What is Criminal Laws?

The U.S. Congress and state legislature execute criminal laws. Traditionally, the state courts have adopted the criminal laws based on the common law from England.

The current movement is for the legislature, instead of the courts to compose criminal law. The majority of the crimes that are committed are protected by state criminal laws. For instance, if a crime such as a robbery took place within a state, and was committed by individuals from the state, it will be covered by state criminal laws.

Some of the crimes that are dealt with as Federal crimes include:

  • Federal employees
  • Federal taxes
  • Federal property
  • Receipt of federal benefits
  • Civil rights that are federally guaranteed
  • Infractions that include interstate commerce such as transporting individuals or good through state lines

For instance, assaulting a federal employee or robbing a U.S. post office is considered to be a federal crime.

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